The Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand
The day commemorates HM King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) who passed away on 23 October 1910.
Known by his full title Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua, HM King Chulalongkorn was born on September 20, 1853.
He was the ninth son of HM King Mongkut, also referred to as King Rama IV.
HM King Chulalongkorn ascended the throne in 1873, making him the fifth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty, hence the title King Rama V.
King Chulalongkorn reigned for 42 years before passing away on October 23, 1908, from kidney disease. He was 58.
King Rama V is remembered for introducing to the country many progressive reforms, including political, military and democratic changes, and is best remembered for the abolition of slavery in Thailand.
Before he abolished slavery more than one-third of the Thai population were slaves. The law at the time had a fixed value for the children of slaves, which was 56 baht for a boy and 48 baht for a girl. Loved and respected throughout the Kingdom, HM King Chulalongkorn was given the epithet Phra Piya Maharat, which means “the Great Beloved King”, by the people of Siam.
In his youth, Rama V was taught English and western customs by Anna Leonowens. Her memoirs of her time in the Siam royal court was retold in the book, 'Anna and the King of Siam' by Margaret Landon. The book was the basis for the popular Broadway musical and film, The King and